### THE JOINT ADMISSIONS AND MATRICULATION BOARD, JAMB

INTRODUCTION

The Joint admissions and Matriculation Board was established by an Act of 1978, subsequently amended in 1989 and 1993. By virtue of the Act, the Board is empowered to be responsible for the:

i) general control over the conduct of matriculation examinations into all Universities, Monotechnics, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education;

ii) appointment of examiners, moderators, invigilators, members of the subject panels and committees and other persons with respect to matriculation examinations;

iii) placement of suitably qualified candidates in the tertiary institutions in collaboration with those institutions.

In furtherance of these functions, the Board conducts a matriculation examination for candidates seeking admissions to tertiary institutions within the country. This examination is known as the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION

Those eligible to sit the UTME are holders of the following qualifications or their equivalents:

i) the West African School Certificate (WASC)

ii) the Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSC)

iii) the National Technical Certificate or the National Business Certificate (NTC/NBC)

Candidates who have sat or are scheduled to sit examinations in any of these qualifications in the year of application may also sit the UTME

STRUCTURE OF THE EXAMINATION

The UTME is conducted once a year in the computer based test mode. The test is a two-hour multiple-choice in four subjects, with a compulsory paper _ the Use of English and three other subjects of a candidate’s choice. Prospective candidates are advised to seek the advice of their teachers, parents/guardians or career counselors in their choice of elective subjects for the UTME.

Prospective candidates for the UTME are to note that for them to secure admissions into tertiary education programme, they have to: i) attain an appreciable standard of pass in the UTME in the relevant subjects; ii) obtain credit passes in five relevant subjects in the appropriate WAEC/NECO SSCE/Teachers’ Grade II examination. The credit/merit passes in question should be attained at not more than two sittings. Normally, credit passes in Mathematics and English Language are required for all tertiary education courses except where it is stated otherwise. In addition to the general entry requirements specified above, candidates must meet any other specific entry requirements. Candidates are therefore advised to consult the appropriate sections of the UTME/DE brochure for information about the specific entry requirements for different programmes. It is also important to note that admissions are subject to general guidelines enunciated from time to time by the proprietors of higher educational institutions. Such guidelines may set out admissions quotas or implementation principles which the Board and the institutions are expected to uphold.

### COMMERCE (JAMB)

GENERAL OBJECTIVES

It is designed to test their understanding of the course objectives, which are to:

• acquire the basic knowledge of Commerce;
• examine the relationship between Commerce and other related fields;
• apply the principles of Commerce in the Nigerian economy and
• appreciate dynamic and positive changes in commercial activities.

### LITERATURE-IN-ENGLISH (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES
The general objective of the course in JAMB, is to:stimulate and sustain their interest in Literature in English;create an awareness of the general principles of Literature and functions of language;appreciate literary works of all genres and across all cultures;apply the knowledge of Literature in English to the analysis of social, political and economic events in the society.

### GOVERNMENT (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Government is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their knowledge in Government, with a view to determining their suitability for placement in institutions of higher learning in Nigeria.

These objectives are to:

• appreciate the meaning of government;
• analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government;
• appreciate the basic principles of democratic governance and their application in Nigeria;
• explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a citizen;
• appreciate the process of political development in Nigeria;
• evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
• understand the determinants and dynamics of foreign policy as it relates to Nigeria;
• assess the role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the workings of international organizations.

### ECONOMICS (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Economics is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is  designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

1. demonstrate sufficient knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts, tools and their general applications to economic analysis;

2. identify and explain the basic structures, operations and roles of the various economic units and institutions (national and international);

3. describe major economic activities – production, distribution and consumption;

4. identify and appraise the basic and current economic problems of society;

5. develop the competence to proffer solutions to economic problems identified.

### MATHEMATICS (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES
This syllabus is divided into five sections:I. Number and Numeration.II. AlgebraIII. Geometry/Trigonometry.IV. CalculusV. Statistics

### PHYSICS (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Physics is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

• sustain their interest in physics;
• develop attitude relevant to physics that encourage accuracy, precision and objectivity;
• interpret physical phenomena, laws, definitions, concepts and other theories;
• demonstrate the ability to solve correctly physics problems using relevant theories and concepts.

### CHEMISTRY (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Chemistry is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

• understand the basic principles and concepts in chemistry;
• interpret scientific data relating to chemistry;
• deduce the relationships between chemistry and other sciences;
• apply the knowledge of chemistry to industry and everyday life.

### BIOLOGY (JAMB)

##### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Biology is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

• demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the concepts of the diversity, interdependence and unity of life;
• account for continuity of life through reorganization, inheritance and evolution;
• apply biological principles and concepts to everyday life, especially to matters affecting living things, individual, society, the environment, community health and the economy.

### GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Use of

English is to guide the candidates in their preparation for the Board’s examination. It is designed to evaluate the candidates’ ability to:

(i) communicate effectively in both written and spoken English; and

(ii) use the English Language for learning at the tertiary level.

The syllabus consists of three sections:

SECTION A: Comprehension/Summary

SECTION B: Lexis and Structure, and

SECTION C: Oral Forms